Shariatpur is a district in the central Bangladesh within the Dhaka Division. Shariatpur district was established on 1 March 1984. It consists of 6 upazilas, 5 municipalities, 64 union parishads, 45 wards, 93 mahallas, 1230 villages and 607 mouzas. Six upazilas (sub-district) under this district are: Bhedarganj Upazila, Damudya Upazila, Gosairhat Upazila, Shakhipur Upazila, Naria Upazila, Shariatpur Sadar Upazila and Zanjira Upazila.
Boundary: Shariatpur District is bounded by Munshiganj District on the north , Barisal District on the south, Chandpur District on the east, Madaripur District on the west.
Area: 1181.53 km².
Population: 1,082,300. Among them 543,838 are men and 538,462 women. The gender ratio is 101:100.
Religion: Muslim 95.54%, Hindu 4.30% and others 0.16%.
Literacy rate: 38.9%.
Weather:Annual average temperature of Shariatpur district is highest 35.8°C and lowest 12.6°C. Annual rainfall is 2105 mm.
Transportation system: Main mode of transportation is bus. Communication is by roads and waterways.
Major rivers: The Padma, Meghna, Kirtinasha, Palong, Jayanti and Dharmaganj.
Major crops: Paddy, Jute, Peanut, Wheat, Sugar cane, chili, Paan, Oilseed, Pulse, Turmeric, Onion, Garlic and Coriander.
Major fruits: Mango, Jack fruit, Blackberry, Banana and Wood apple.
Main occupations: Agriculture 46.53%, agricultural labourer 23.22%, commerce 9.55%, service 4.95% etc.
Main exports: Jute, onion, garlic and tomato etc.
Mark of the War of Liberation:
There are 2 Mass graves in Mahisha and ‘Digambari’ Mayerr Bari) which are the marks of brutality of Pakistani army during 1971.
Major educational institutions:
There is a private medical college in Shariatpur. Beside these there are 3 Government College, 16 non-government college, 2 government high school, 90 non-government high school and many other government nongovernment primary schools, high schools and madrasas. Char Atra High School, Bijhari Upashi Tara Prasanna High School, Charkumaria Islamia Alim Madrasah(Est: 1930) are some of the notable institutions.
History of Shariatpur:
Shariatpur was named after the name of Haji Shariatullah (1781–1840), founder of the Faraizi Movement and an remarkable Islamic and social reformer during British Raj.
Earlier the district was known as Palong thana under Madaripur sub-division and then it was converted to Shariatpur Sub-division. After that Shariatpur was upgraded to district on 1 March 1984.
Places of interest:
• Burirhat Mosque
• Fatehjongpur Fort
• South Baluchara Mosque
• Bilaskhan Mosque (Mughal period)
• Kedarbari at Kedarpur
• Haturia and Kartikpur zamindarbaris
• Mohishar dighi ( large pond)
• Moth (temple) at Rudrakar
• Rathindra Kanto Ghatak Chowdhury’s House at South Baluchara.
• Sureswar Darbar Sharif
• M.A. Raza collage
• Cricuit House
• Bhedargonj upzala chottor.
• Padam River’s Char,Char Atra.
Shariatpur town is a small peaceful town . It is a municipal town which consists of 9 wards and 26 mahallas with an area of 25.5 sq km. The Municipality was established in 1990. Shariatpur town has a population of 42154 where male are 51.55%, female 48.45%. The density of population is 1653 per sq km.