Satkhira is a district in South-western Bangladesh which is a part of the Khulna Division. Satkhira subdivision was established in 1861 under Jessore district and was included into Khulna district in 1882. In 1984 it became a district. The district consists of two municipalities, seven upazilas, 79 union parishads, eight thana and 1436 villages.The upazilas are: Satkhira Sadar, Assasuni, Debhata, Kalaroa, Kaliganj, Shyamnagar and Tala.The two municipalities are Satkhira Sadar and Kalaroa.
Area: 3858.33 km².
Boundary: It is bordered to the north by Jessore District, on the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the east by Khulna District, and to the west by Pargana District of West Bengal.
Weather: The annual average maximum temperature of this district is 35.5°C and minimum temperature is 12.5°C. The annual rainfall is 1710 mm (67 in).
Soil: Alluvial floodplain.
Main rivers : The Morichap River, Kholpotua River, Betna River, Raimangal River, Hariabhanga River, Ichamati River, Betrabati River and Kalindi-Jamuna River.
Population: 1,843,194. Among them 50.54% are male and 49.46% female.
Ethnic nationals: Mundari (Buno) and Santal.
Religion: 78.08% Muslim, 21.45% Hindu, 0.28% Christian, 0.01% are Buddhist and 0.18% others.
Main occupations: Agriculture 36.9%, agricultural labourer 26.74%, commerce 13.32%, service 4.37%, wage labourer 3.72%, transport 2.46% etc.
Main crops: Paddy, jute, sugarcane, mustard seed, potato, onion and betel leaf.
Main fruits: Mango, black berry, jackfruit, banana, papaya, litchi, coconut and guava.
Famous for: Satkhira is famous for cottage industry like weaving, bamboo and cane work and potteries.
Main exports: Shrimp, paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, leather and jute goods.
Literacy rate: For males is 39.7%, and for females 21%. The literacy movement of this district is named Uddiptya Satkhira.
Educational institutions: There are 1 primary education institute, 39 colleges, 221 high schools, 4 junior high schools, 259 madrasas and 622 government primary schools in Shatkhira.
Mills and factories: Textile mills, rice mill, ice factory, flour mill, oil mill, biscuit factory, fish processing factory, cold storage, saw mill, lathe machine, printing press and welding.
Marks of War of Liberation: There are mass killing sites in places adjacent to Satkhira Government Boy’s High School, Jhaudanga Shahid Siraj Sarani, Binerpota Bridge, Bankal Bridge and Mahmudpur High School, Harinagar and Kathkhali as the symbol of brutality of Pakistani army. mass graves are in Debhata and Kalaroa Bazar . memorial monuments are in Baliadanga, Kalaroa, Gopalpur and Harinagar as the symbol of brave and glorious history of 1971.
Transportation: Main mode of transportation is bus. Waterways and road are ways of transportation.
Satkhira Town: Satkhira is a small peacefull municipal town. It became a district headquarter in 1984. It consists of 9 wards and 31 mahallas. The area of the town is 27.84 sq km with a population of 86372. Among them male are 51.75%, female 48.25%. Literacy rate among the town people is 49.7%. The main business centre of the town is Sultanpur Bazar (old name Pransayar Bazar).
Places of interest:
- Part of the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest Sundarbans. It is a World Heritage Site.
- Sultanpur Shahi Mosque (500 years old)
- Joykali Mandir
- Puratan Satkhira (300 years old)
- Jahajghata Naval Fort (Mautala, 1567)
- Baro Duary (Ishwaripur, 1582)
- Shahi Mosque (Banshipur, 1599)
- Nagar Fort of Raja Pratapaditya (Kaliganj)
- Parabajpur Mosque (Mukundapur)
- Hamman Khana (Ishwaripur)
- The Mozaffar Garden
- The Limpid Garden, Parulia
- Dargah of Mai Champa (Labasa, 1417)
- Dighi (pond) and clay walled Moneyghar of Tittar Raja (Nawapara, 1582)
- Nabaratna Mandir (Demrail, 1580)
- Tenga Mosque (Banshipur, 1599)
- Sonabaria Nabaratna Mandir (Kalaroa, 1767)
- Gopalpur Mandir (terocota decorated)
- Moutala Mosque
- Annapunna Nabaratna Mandir (Satkhira)
- Katunia Mandir