Rajbari is a district in the central Bangladesh and is a part of the Dhaka Division. The district was named after the palace of renowned ruler Raja Surjoprashad Sen. Rajbari became a district in 1984. History says that the whole area was in the Jessore district. After that the area was brought under the district of Faridpur district in 1811. Its thanas/upazilas belonged to different districts in the past. Then there was a subdistrict named Goalondoghat which was upgraded to a district in March 1984 and was renamed as Rajbari district. The district consists of 4 upazilas, 42 union parishads, 3 municipalities, 796 mouzas, 986 villages, 27 wards and 96 mahllas. Four upazilas are: Baliakandi Upazila, Goalandaghat Upazila, Pangsha Upazila,Rajbari Sadar Upazila.
Area : 1,118.8 km2
Population :940,360. Among them male are 51.02% and female 48.98%.
Religion: Muslim 86.73%, Hindu 13.12%, and Christian and others 0.15%.
Density : 840.5/km2
Literacy rate: 26.4%. Male 32.7% and Female 19.7%.
Boundary: The district is bounded by PABNA district on the north, FARIDPUR and MAGURA districts on the south, MANIKGANJ district on the east, KUSHTIA and JHENAIDAH districts on the west. The land of the district is mainly alluvial raised from the Padma.
Major rivers: The Padma (Ganges), Jalangi, KUMAR, Gorai, Madhumati, Harai and Chandana.
Weather: Annual average temperature of this district is maximum 35.8°C and minimum 12.6°C. Annual rainfall is 2105 mm.
Marks of War of Liberation: Mass graves are the marks of brutality of Pakistan in 1971. They graves are at Goalanda, Khankhanapur, char area of Habaspur (Pangsa) and many places of Bailakandi.
Educational institutions: There are 24 colleges, 4 vocational training institutions in this district. Beside these there are many madrasas, secondary schools, junior high schools and many other primary schools in this district like the other districts of Bangladesh.
Main occupations: Agriculture 42.82%, agricultural labourer 23.63%, business 11.43%, service 6.08% etc.
Major crops: Paddy, jute, sugarcane, turmeric, ground nut, oil seeds, pulses etc.
Main fruits: Mango, blackberry, jackfruit, coconut, palm, litchi etc.
Rajbari Town: The town is the district headquarters of Rajbari district.The Rajbari Municipality was established in 1923 and became a district headquarter in 1984. It consists of 9 wards and 31 mahallas. The area of the town is 12.14 sq km with a population of 48014. Among them male are 50.54%, female 49.46%. The literacy rate among the town people is 54.2%. Rajbari is called a railway town because its expansion and development took place due to the growth of rail communication and railway establishments.
Places to see:
• Sawdagar Divi (mound). It is the marks the Chand Sawdagar who is a leading hero of the epic Manasamangal.
• Tomb of Kamal Shah Awlia (darvish).
• Tomb of the sufi devotee Shah Jui.
• An old porch at Mathurapur.