Jhalokati is a district in South-western Bangladesh and a part of the Barisal Division. Jhalokati became a district in 1984 and before that it was a subdivision. The subdivision was established in 1972. The district consists of 2 municipalities, 18 wards, 4 upazilas, 32 union parishads, 400 mouzas, 66 mahallas and 449 villages. 4 upazilas are:Jhalokati Sadar Upazila, Kathalia Upazila, Nalchity Upazila and Rajapur Upazila.
Area: 758.06 sq km.
Boundary: Jhalokati district is bounded by Barisal district to the north and east, Barguna district and the Bishkhali river tn the south, Lohagara Upazila and Pirojpur district to the west.
Weather: Here Annual average temperatures maximum is 33.3°C, minimum 12.1°C. Annual rainfall is 2506 mm.
Major rivers: Bishkhali, Sugandha, Dhansiri, Gabkhan, Jangalia and Bamanda.
Population: 696055. Among them male are 49.36%, female 50.64%.
Religion: Muslim 87.31%, Hindu 12.64% and others 0.05%.
Literacy rate: 51.2%. Among them male are 55.9% and female 46.5%.
Main occupations: Agriculture 40.07%, agricultural labourer 15.68%, commerce 12.43%, service 11.03%, wage labourer 4.66% etc.
Main crops: Paddy, betel leaf.
Main fruits: Mango, banana, palm, litchi and coconut.
Transportation: Like other districts, main mode of transportation is bus. Road and waterway is the way of communication.
Mills and factories:Ice factory, flour mill, salt factory, rice mill, oil mill, saw mill, bidi factory etc.
Main exports: Betel leaf, guava and salt.
Educational institutions: There are 23 colleges, 167 high schools and many other junior schools madrasas, government and non-government primary schools in this district.
Marks of the War of Liberation: As marks of liberation, there are 2 Mass killing site, 2 memorial plate and 1 memorial sculpture.
Jhalokati is a municipal town. The municipility was established in1875. The town consists of 9 wards and 47 mahallas. The area of the town is 6.37 sq km with a population of 45095. Among them male are 53.11%, female 46.89%. Literacy rate among the town people is 67.5%.
Places to see:
• Sujabad Kellah (fort)
• Remnants of the Ghosal Rajbari(local landlord)
• Old Municipal Building
• Civil Court Building (1781)
• Surichora Jami Mosque
• Madabar Mosque.
Due to good communication facilities by water the area attracted the Europeans. The East India Company, the Dutch and the French established their trade centres in phases. Because of its commercial importance Jhalokati was called the ‘second Kolkata’.
During the War of Liberation, people of Jhalokati fought bravely against the Pakistani army.