Habiganj is a district under Sylhet Division and within the north-eastern part of Bangladesh. Habiganj a Thana (police precinct) was established as in 1790.at that time it was within Dhaka district and On 12 September 1874 it came under Sylhet district which was a part of Assam. Habiganj was declared as subdivision in 1867. Habiganj was rejoined with the present Bangladesh area in 1911. Finally on 1 March 1984 Habiganj was established as the present district. Habiganj consists of 8 upazilas, 6 municipalities, 36 wards, 77 union parishads, 124 mahallas, 1241 mouzas and 2093 villages. eight Upazilas (sub-districts) and one thana (Police station) are:
Shaistagonj Upazila(On the way)
Sayestaganj Thana (Habiganj Sadar Upazila)
Area: 2,636.58 km²
Population: 1,830,554. These include 926,531 male and 904,022 female (50.6% male and 49.4% female).
Density: 693/km2 (1,794.9/sq mi)
Religion: 80.23% Muslim, 19.12% Hindu, 0.05% Buddhist, 0.13% Christian and 0.47% others.
Ethnic community: Biharis, Khasia, Manipuri and Tripuri people.
Literacy rate: 45%.
Boundary: This district is bounded by Sunamganj District to the north, Tripura of India and Maulvibazar District to the east, Balaganj Upazila of Sylhet to the north-east, Brahmanbaria and Kishoreganj districts to the west.
Rivers: The rivers are Barak, Bheramahana, Gopala, Kalni, Kalishiri, Khowai, Korangi, Kushiara, Meghna River(lower), Ratna, Shwasanali, shutki, sonai, Korangi, Shutang, Tentulia, Jhingri, Bizna and Yojnal.
Weather: Annual average temperature is maximum 33.2°C, minimum 13.6°C. Total rainfall is 3334 mm.
Main occupation: Agriculture 42.26%.
Main crops: Paddy, Tea, Wheat, Potato, Jute, Ground nut, Betel leaf and Oil seed.
Tea and Rubber gardens: this district has 24 tea vgardens and3 rubber gardens.Rupaichhara-Bahubal (one of them), has Half of this garden situated in Habiganj and the rests are in Shreemangal.
Transportation process: By road and railway.
Mineral resources: Natural gas, Silica sand and Mineral sand. Rashidpur gas field (1960), Bibiana gas field (1998) and Habiganj gas field (1963 are three gasfields.
Main exports: Paddy, Fish, Shrimp, Frog-legs, Dry-fish, Tea, Betel-leaf, Dates, Molasses, Rubber, Bamboo, Natural gas, oil and Textile.
Educational institutions: There are 1 medical college, 1 polytechnic institute. The number of total Colleges is 16. Among them 1 Honors College and 3 are Government colleges.
Historical events of Habiganj: Habiganj carries the memory of Syed Nasir Uddin(R) who was an associate of Hazrath Shah Jalal (R) the great saint of Bengal.
The name Habiganj has a history. Habibganj was a bazar or ganj beside the river Khowai established by Syed Habib Ullah.. With the course of time, the name Habibganj turned into Habiganj.
Habiganj is the historical place where the Mukti Bahini started their first guerrilla movement. On 4 April 1971 Col. Ataul Ghani Osmany (supreme commander of the War of Liberation) and some senior army officers of the 2nd and 4th East Bengal Regiment gathered in the Teliapara Tea Garden Dakbungalow to discuss war situation.
Habiganj district is famous for folk Literatures. Mahuya Sundari and Dhupar Path are immerged from this district.
Interests of Habiganj:
1. Monument for the freedom-fighters ( Teliapara tea garden)
2. Ancient Rajbari(1737–38) (Puranbagh, Baniachang)
3. Bagala Matar Mandir (Habiganj)
4. Baniachong village (the biggest village in Asia)
5. Bibir Dargah Mosque (Baniachang)
6. Bikhangal Akhra (Baniachang)
7. Dorga-tila, Mira-tila and Tangee-tila ( Nabiganj)
8. Foltoli-tila and water fountain (Nabiganj)
9. Jami Mosque ( Bahubal)
10. Kalibari (Habiganj Sadar)
11. Kuri-tila, Black-stone and an Ancient Rajbari ( Dinarpur, Nabiganj)
12. Mashulia Akhra ( Habiganj Sadar)
13. Mosque of Uchail, built by Mojlishe Amin (Lakhai)
14. Murarbandar Dargah Sharif ( Chunarughat)
15. Putijuri Jami Mosque (Bahubal)
16. Ramakrishna Ashram ( Habiganj Sadar)
17. Rashidpur Tea Garden (Bahubal Upazila)
18. Shagor Dighi ( Baniachong)
19. Shajeerbazar (Chunarughat)
20. Sham-baoul Akhra and Doulotpur Akhra ( Baniachang)
21. Tea gardens in the valleys
22. War of Liberation Mass Grave ( Nabiganj)
23. War of Liberation Memorial Monument ( Nabiganj)
24. Natural gas fields
Habiganj Town: This town is a town with long history and a beautiful place beside the Khoai River. Habiganj town consists of 9 wards and 64 mahallas. It has an area of 20.60 sq km with a population of 54178. Among them male are 52.59%, female 47.41%. Literacy rate among the town people is 59.9%. Habiganj Town was established in 1881 and it was turned into a municipality in 1913.