Gopalganj district is one of the districts within the Dhaka division of Bangladesh. Gopalganj District was established in 1984. Before that it was a subdivision of Faridpur District.The district is subdivided into five subdistricts (upazila), 4 municipalities, 36 wards, 68 union parishads, 618 mouzas, 880 villages and 85 mahallas. The Subdivisions are
• Gopalganj Sadar Upazila
• Kashiani Upazila
• Kotalipara Upazila
• Muksudpur Upazila
• Tungipara Upazila
Area: 1,490 km².
Population: 1132046. Among them male are 50.05%, female 49.95%.
Religion: Muslim 63.61%, Hindu 35.13%, Christian 1.20%, Buddhist 0.02% and others 0.04%.
Literacy rate: Average literacy rate is 38.2%. Among them male are 44.7% and female 31.6%.
Boundary: This district is bounded by FARIDPUR district on the north, PIROJPUR and BAGERHAT districts on the south, MADARIPUR and BARISAL districts on the east and NARAIL district on the west.
Weather: Average maximum temperature is 35.8°C, minimum 12.6°C. Total rainfall is 2105 mm.
Major rivers: Garai, Madhumati, Kaliganga, Hunda, Ghagar, and old Kumar etc.
Notable depressions: Borni Baor, Chandar Beel and Baghyar Beel.
Main crops: Paddy, jute, sugarcane, ground nut etc.
Main fruits: Mango, black berry, palm, banana etc.
Mineral resource: Pit coal.
Main exports: Jute, ground nut, molasses, sugarcane.
Mills and factories: Main mills and factories are Textile mill, ice factory, biscuit factory, saw mill, rice mill, oil mill, flour mill etc.
Main occupations: Agriculture 46.37% and agricultural labourer 20.94%.
Transportation system: Main transportation process of this district is by road. Beside this railway and waterway are also used.
Marks of the War of Liberation: There are 1 Mass killing site, 2 memorial monument and 2
Mass graves in this district.
Educational institutions: Major educational institutions of this district are 1 University College, 1 liberation war research institute, 1 vocational institute and 1 homeopath college. A proposal of a Science and Technology University has been passed. It will be a digital university.Beside these there are also 5 Government College, 16 non-government colleges and a lot of high school, Junior School and Primary Schools.
Specialty of Gopalganj district: Great leader Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the first President of Bangladesh, hailed from this district (village of Tungipara).Sheikh family is very dominating in Bangladeshi politics. Sheikh Mujib’s daughter Sheikh Hasina Wajed is the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. Many other members of Sheikh Family are members of Bangladeshi parliament.
Places of interest:
• Ulpur Zamindar palace. Currently used a Tehsil Office.
• Home of Basu Roy Chowdhury family.
• Zamindar palace of zaminder Munshi Abdur Razzak Chowdhury (Arpara).
• Majar of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and other members of his family.
• Home of Sheikh family.
• A battle between Mughal emperor Babur and sultan of Bengal Nusrat Shah was held on the bank of the Ghargara (presently the Ghagar) of this district.
• FAKIR-SANNYASI RESISTANCE was held at the early part of the British rule in this district.
Gopalganj Town: Gopalganj Town is a municipal town which consists of 9 wards and 49 mahallas. The municipal was established in 1972. The area of the town is 8.59 sq km with a population of 40987. Among them male are 53.27%, female 46.73%. The density of population is 4771 per sq km and Literacy rate is 66.9%.