Brahmanbaria is a district in east-central Bangladesh and a part of the Chittagong Division. Before 1830 this district (Sarail Pargana) was a part of Mymensingh district and till 1984 It was part of greater Comilla District .Then it became a separate district and has 4 municipalities, 39 wards, 97 mahallas, 7 upazilas, 98 union parishads, 1052 mouzas and 1329 villages. Brahmanbaria district is divided into eight Upazillas (previously known aws Thanas). These are:Brahmanbaria Sadar Upazila, Ashuganj Upazila,Nasirnagar Upazila,Nabinagar Upazila,Sarail Upazila,Kasba Upazila,Akhaura Upazila and Bancharampur Upazila.
Area: 1927.11 km².
Boundary: Brahmanbaria is bounded by Kishoreganj District and Habiganj District on the north, Comilla District on the south, Habiganj District and Tripura State, India on the east and Meghna River, Kishoreganj District, Narsingdi District and Narayanganj District on the west.
Population: Population: 2365880. Among them 49.49% are male, 50.51% are female.
Religion: Muslim – 90.73%, Hindu – 9.07%, Buddhist – 0.05%, Christian – 0.04% and Others – 0. 11%.
Literacy rate: Average literacy 29.95%. among them male are 36.2% and female 23.7%.
Main crops: Rice, jute, wheat, mustard seed, potato, onion, garlic, chili, pulses, brinjal and Kakrol.
Main occupations: Agriculture 44.79%, agricultural laborer 15.82%, wage laborer 3.13%, commerce 12.26%, service 6.8%, fishing 2.02% and transport 1.85%, weaving 2.39% and others 10.94%.
Minerals: Brahmanbaria district has the Titas Gas field which is located some 100 km away to the direction of northern-east from capital city of Bangladesh, Dhaka. Like the other fields this field was discovered by Pakistan Shell Oil Company in 1962. As per latest official re-estimation, total recoverable gas reserve of Titas gas field is 4,740 billion cubic feet (134 km3). Commercial gas production from this field was commenced in 1968 and till August 31, 2006 total 2,581.162 billion cubic feet (7.30904×1010 m3) gas has been produced. The wells are spread (surface location) at 6 (six) different locations stretched over about 8 km distance. At present maximum 475 million cubic feet (13,500,000 m3) of gas is produced daily from 16 wells and supplied to the transmission pipelines of Titas Gas Transmission & Distribution Co. Ltd. (TGTDCL) and Gas Transmission Company Ltd. (GTCL). Condensate produced (540 bbl per day on an average) with gas as by-product is fractionated into MS (Petrol) and HSD (Diesel) through two fractionation plants and the products are being supplied to Padma Oil Company Ltd.
Saldanodi Gas field is a gas field of this district sitiuated in Kasba.It also plays an important contribution in national economy of Bangladesh.This is launched by BAPEX.
Meghna Gas Field is another Gas field of Brahmanbaria district.
Electrictricity production: This district has great contribution for production of electricity. Ashuganj Tap Bidyut Kendra(Power centre) which is located in the bank of Meghna,is the major power generation centre for capital Dhaka.Main raw material for this plant is gas fromTitas gas field.
Mills and factories: This district has Fertiliser factory, flour mills, rice mills, ice factory, oil mill, saw mill, welding, etc. Zia Fertilizer, the biggest fertilizer factory of Bangladesh is located by the bank of Meghna at Ashuganj of this district which is a major trade centre of rice in the eastern part of Bangladesh.
Weather: Annual highest average temperature is 34.3 °C and lowest 12.7 °C. Total annual rainfall is 2551 mm.
Main rivers: The Meghna River and Titas River,Buri etc.
Haor: Mehedi and Akashi haors are notable.
Transportation: Brahmanbaria has direct connection with the capital city by road.
Brahmanbaria Station is one of the busiest Railway Stations in the Dhaka-Chittagong and Dhaka-Sylhet line. Akhaura Junction is the biggest railway junction in the eastern part of Bangladesh.
Brahmanbaria was a part of Samatata Janapada of the ancient Bengal.
The first and temporary capital of Isa Khan(one of the Barobhuia) was at Sarail, located at 10 km north of Brahmanbaria Town.
Brahmanbaria has a glorious history of producing quality cloth Muslin.
During the 19th century, Brahmanbaria produced great nationalist leaders like Nawab Syed Shamsul Huda, who became president of All India Muslim League in 1921, and Barrister Abdur Rasul a front ranking leader of Indian National Congress.
During the swadeshi movement began Ullaskar Datta (Aviram) of this district was convicted for throwing bomb and was deported to the Andamans. On 14 December 1931 Suniti Chowdhury, Shanti Ghosh and Gopal Deb killed the then District magistrate CCB Stevens at his residence by gunshot.
Oli Ahad, a pioneer Language Movement leader who was from Brahmanbaria, the movement obtained momentum in this district in 1952.
Bir Sreshtho Mostafa Kamal obtained martyrdom in an encounter at Daruin of Akhaura during the War of Independence in 1971.The grave yard of this hero is situated at Mogra.
Major Educational Institutions: College 9, high school 46, madrasa 16. Brahmanbaria Government College (1948), Annada Government High School (1875), Mission Primary School are notable educational institutions.
Brahmanbaria is often figuratively called the cultural capital of Bangladesh. To the field of literature the contributions of many scolars of this district is notable.Adyta Mallavarman, Jotirindra Nandi, Abdul Kadir, Fazal Shahabuddin are remarkable. ‘Titas is a name of river’ written by Adyta mallavarman is one of the greatest novel written in bangla was also born in Brahmanbaria ghukarna ghat. This book is a textbook of higher secondary level. Al Mahmud, one of the leading poets of modern Bengali, was born in Brahmanbaria .
This district has also glorious history of music. Ustad Allauddin Khan, the great musical talent of the sub continent and the father of ‘Maihar Gharana’ of Classical Indian music, was born in this district in 1862. Others who contributed to the arena of music from Brahmanbaria are Ustad Fakir (Tapas) Aftab Uddin Khan, Ustad Ayet Ali Khan, Ustad Ali Akbor Khan, Ustad Bahadur Hussain Khan, Ustad Abed Hussain Khan, Ustad Khadem Hussain Khan, Ustad Raja Hussain Khan, Amar Paul, Ustad Khurshid Khan, Subal Das, Syed Abdul Hadi and Ustad Afjalur Rahman. Mohorshee Monomohan Dutta is also a remarkable name for his “Molaya” music. Sachin Dev Burman (better known as SD Burman), the renowned musician of the sub-continent especially India spent some time in Brahmanbaria. Mr. Umesh Chandra Roy was one of the greatest musicians of Alauddin Music institute.
Attractive places of Brahmanbaria:
• Arphail Sagardighi Mosque and Twin Graves (sixteenth century, Sarail)
• Arphannesa Mosque (1662, Sarail)
• Bhadurghar Shahi Mosque (1084 AH)
• Ulchapara Mosque (sixteenth century)
• Tomb of Kalla Shahid (R, Akhaura)
• Kalbhairab Mandir (Brahmanbaria , Early 19th century))
• Sree Sree Anandamoye Ashram (seventeenth century, Kasba)
• Satidaha Mandir (Biddakut)
• Shiva Mandir (Natghar)
• Sarvadharma Samanya Mandir (Kalikachha)
• Jagannath Mandir (Nasirnagar)
• Bishnu Statue (Baghaura)
• Buddhist viharas (Devgram)
• Kailaghar Jangal (Kasba)
• Hatir Pool (Elephant Bridge,Baraiura)
• Zamindar Bari of Haripur
• Basudeva Statue (Kalikachha)
• Nabinagar Math
• Haraspur Zamindar Bari
• Brahmanbaria Archives and Museum
• Anderson Memorial (Kautali)
• Anderson Canal (Korolia Khal)
• Shrine(Mazar) of Kella Shahid at Akhaura (Early 18th century)
• Bangladesh UK friendship Bridge( Ashuganj)
• Brahmanbaria Archives and Museum
Brahmanbaria town: Brahmanbaria is a small town whose Municipality was established in 1868. Brahmanbaria was one of the 3 Sub-divisions of Comilla District under the British rule (in 1860). This town is within Brahmanbaria Sadar upazila. Brahmanbaria Town consists of 12 wards and 46 mahallas. The area of the town is 30.82 sq km. It has a population of 131334; male 51.34%, female 48.66%.